Patel, A.D. (2008). Music, Language, and the Brain. NY: Oxford University Press. (Link to OUP website and sound examples) (Link to Amazon) (ASCAP award)

Book reviews: Nature (April 10, 2008), Nature Neuroscience (April 2008), Trends in Cognitive Sciences (July 2008), Linguist list (Sept, 2008), Empirical Musicology Review (Oct 2008), Neuron (Nov 2008), Music Perception (Feb 2009), Musicae Scientiae (Spring 2009), Brain (Sept 2009), Psychology of Music (Sept 2009), Language and Cognition (Sept 2009), Music Theory Online (Oct 2009), Phonology (Dec 2009), Notes (a musicology journal, Sept 2009) Psychomusicology (Sept 2010) Style (a literary journal, Fall 2010) Journal of Music Theory (Fall 2010)

Book chapters

Patel, A.D. (2012). Language, music, and the brain: A resource-sharing framework. In: P. Rebuschat, M. Rohrmeier, J. Hawkins, & I. Cross (Eds.), Language and Music as Cognitive Systems (pp. 204-223). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (paper–pdf).

Patel. A.D. (2012). Advancing the comparative study of linguistic and musical syntactic processing. In: P. Rebuschat, M. Rohrmeier, J. Hawkins, & I. Cross (Eds.), Language and Music as Cognitive Systems (pp. 248-253). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2010). Music, biological evolution, and the brain. In: M. Bailar (Ed.). Emerging Disciplines (pp. 91-144). Houston, TX: Rice University Press. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2009). Music and the brain: Three links to language. In: S. Hallam, I. Cross, & M. Thaut (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology (pp. 208-216). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2003).  A new approach to the cognitive neuroscience of melody. In: I. Peretz and R. Zatorre (Eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of  Music (pp.325-345). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., & PeretzI. (1997). Is music autonomous from language? A neuropsychological appraisal. In: I. Delige and J. Sloboda (Eds.), Perception and Cognition of Music (pp.191-215). London: Erlbaum Psychology Press. (paper-pdf)


Liu, F., Xu, Y., Patel, A.D., Francart, T., & Jiang. C. (2012). Differential recognition of pitch patterns in discrete and gliding stimuli in congenital amusia: Evidence from Mandarin speakers. Brain & Cognition, 79: 209-215. (paper-pdf)


Bregman, M.R., Patel, A.D., & Gentner, T.Q. (2012). Stimulus-dependent flexibility in non-human auditory pitch processing. Cognition, 122: 51-60. (paper-pdf)


Patel, A.D. (2012). The OPERA hypothesis: assumptions and clarifications. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1252:124-128 (paper-pdf)


Patel, A.D. (2011). Why would musical training benefit the neural encoding of speech? The OPERA hypothesis. Frontiers in Psychology 2:142. (doi: 10.3389/ fpsyg.2011.00142) (paper-pdf)


Tierney, A.T., Russo, F.A., & Patel, A.D. (2011). The motor origins of human and avian song structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108: 15510-15515. (paper-pdf)


Slevc, L.R., & Patel, A.D. (2011). Meaning in music and language: three key differences. Physics of Life Reviews, 8:110-111. (paper-pdf)

Schwartze, M., Keller, P.E., Patel, A.D., & Kotz, S. (2011). The impact of basal ganglia lesions on sensorimotor synchronization, spontaneous motor tempo, and the detection of tempo changes. Behavioural Brain Research, 216: 685-691. (paper-pdf)

Liu, F., Patel, A.D., Fourcin, A., & Stewart, L. (2010). Intonation processing in congenital amusia: Discrimination, identification, and imitation. Brain, 133:1682-1693. (paper-pdf) (supplementary information-doc) (sound examples) (Montreal Battery for the Evaluation of Amusia - Peretz lab) (Online screening test – Peretz lab) (Online screening test – Stewart lab)


Yoshida, K., Iversen, J.R., Patel, A.D., Mazuka, R., Nito, H., Gervain, J., & Werker, J. (2010). The development of perceptual grouping biases in infancy: A Japanese-English cross-linguistic study. Cognition,115:356-361. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Xu, Y., & Wang, B. (2010). The role of F0 variation in the intelligibility of Mandarin sentences. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2010, May 11-14, 2010, Chicago, IL, USA. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R., Bregman, M.R., & Schulz, I. (2009). Experimental evidence for synchronization to a musical beat in a nonhuman animal. Current Biology, 19: 827-830. (paper-pdf) (video examples) (commentary)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R. Bregman, M.R. & Schulz, I. (2009). Studying synchronization to a musical beat in nonhuman animals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1169: 459-469. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R., Bregman, M.R., & Schulz, I. (2009). Avian and human movement to music: Two further parallels. Communicative and Integrative Biology, 2(6): 1-4. (paper-pdf)

Iversen, J.R., Repp, B., & Patel, A.D. (2009). Top-down control of rhythm perception modulates early auditory responses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1169: 58-73. (paper-pdf)

Slevc, L.R., Rosenberg, J.C., & Patel, A.D. (2009). Making psycholinguistics musical: Self-paced reading time evidence for shared processing of linguistic and musical syntax. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16: 374-381. (paper-pdf)

Fedorenko, E., Patel, A.D., Casasanto, D., Winawer, J., & Gibson, E. (2009). Structural integration in language and music: Evidence for a shared system. Memory & Cognition, 37: 1-9. (paper-pdf) [Awarded “Best article in 2009 in Memory & Cognition” from the Psychonomic Society].

Iversen, J.R., Patel, A.D., & Ohgushi, K. (2008). Perception of rhythmic grouping depends on auditory experience. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 124: 2263-2271. (paper-pdf) (commentary on Language Log) (popular version of paper)

Patel, A.D. (2008). Talk of the tone. Nature, 453: 726-727. (paper-pdf) (Essay series)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R., Wassenaar, M., & Hagoort, P. (2008). Musical syntactic processing in agrammatic Broca’s aphasia. Aphasiology, 22: 776-789. (paper-pdf).

Patel, A.D, Wong, M., Foxton, J., Lochy, A., & Peretz, I. (2008). Speech intonation perception deficits in musical tone deafness (congenital amusia). Music Perception, 25: 357-368. (paper-pdf)

Repp, B.H., Iversen, J.R., & Patel, A.D. (2008). Tracking an imposed beat within a metrical grid. Music Perception, 26: 1-18. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2008). A neurobiological strategy for exploring links between emotion recognition in music and speech. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31: 589-590. (paper-pdf)

Tierney, A.T., Russo, F.A., & Patel, A.D. (2008). Empirical comparisons of pitch patterns in music, speech, and birdsong. Paper presented at Acoustics ’08 (155th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America), July 2008, Paris, France. (paper-pdf)

Iversen, J.R, & Patel, A.D. (2008). The Beat Alignment Test (BAT): Surveying beat processing abilities in the general population. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Music Perception & Cognition (ICMPC10), August 2008, Sapporo, Japan. K. Miyazaki et al. (Eds.), Adelaide: Causal Productions, p. 465-468. (paper-pdf) (poster-pdf) (BAT stimuli)

Patel, A.D. (2008). Music as a transformative technology of the mind. Paper presented at Music: Its Evolution, Cognitive Basis, and Spiritual Dimensions. Cambridge University, Sept 18-20, 2008. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., & Iversen, J.R. (2007). The linguistic benefits of musical abilities. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11: 369-372. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2006). Musical rhythm, linguistic rhythm, and human evolution. Music Perception, 24:99-104. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R., & Rosenberg, J.C. (2006). Comparing the rhythm and melody of speech and music: The case of British English and French. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119:3034-3047. (paper-pdf) (popular version of paper-html) (Nature news story-html) (online nPVI calculator)

Patel, A.D. (2006). An empirical method for comparing pitch patterns in spoken and musical melodies: A comment on J.G.S. Pearl’s “Eavesdropping with a Master: Leoš Janček and the music of speech.”. Empirical Musicology Review, 1:166-169. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2006). Music and the mind. Lecture given for the UCSD “Grey Matters” series on neuroscience for the public, Feb 8, 2006. (on UCSD TV) (on YouTube)

Matsumoto, K., Samson, G.T., O’Daly, O.D., Tracy, D.K., Patel, A.D., & Shergill, S.S. (2006). Prosodic discrimination in patients with schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 189:180-181. (paper-pdf) (data supplement-pdf).

Patel, A.D. & Iversen, J.R. (2006). A non-human animal can drum a steady beat on a musical instrument. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Music Perception & Cognition (ICMPC9). M. Baroni, A. R. Addessi, R. Caterina, & M. Costa (Eds.), p. 477. (abstract-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2005). The relationship of music to the melody of speech and to syntactic processing disorders in aphasia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1060:59-70 (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Foxton, J.M., & Griffiths, T.D. (2005). Musically tone-deaf individuals have difficulty discriminating intonation contours extracted from speech. Brain and Cognition, 59:310-313. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D., Iversen, J.R., Chen, Y., & Repp, B.H. (2005). The influence of metricality and modality on synchronization with a beat. Experimental Brain Research, 163:226-238. (paper-pdf)

Daniele, J.R. & Patel, A.D. (2004). The interplay of linguistic and historical influences on musical rhythm in different cultures. In: Proc. of the 8th Intl. Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, Evanston, IL, 2004. S.D. Lipscomb et al. (Eds.), pp. 759-762. Adelaide: Causal Productions. (paper – pdf)

Patel, A.D. & Balaban, E. (2004). Human auditory cortical dynamics during perception of long acoustic sequences: Phase tracking of carrier frequency by the auditory steady-state response. Cerebral Cortex, 14(1):35-46. (paper-pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2003). Rhythm in language and music: Parallels and differences. Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences, 999:140-143. (paper–pdf) (comment-pdf)


Patel, A.D. & Daniele, J.R. (2003). Stress-timed vs. syllable-timed music? A comment on Huron and Ollen (2003). Music Perception, 21:273-276. (paper – pdf)

Patel A.D. (2003). Language, music, syntax and the brain. Nature Neuroscience 6(7):674-681. (paper - pdf) (supplementary information) (errata - pdf)

Patel A.D. & Iversen, J.R. (2003).  Acoustic and perceptual comparison of speech and drum sounds in the North Indian tabla tradition: an empirical study of sound symbolism. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 2003, pp.925-928. (paper - pdf) (poster [with spectrograms]) (sound examples) (perception experiment)

Patel, A.D. & Daniele, J.R. (2003).  An empirical comparison of rhythm in language and music. Cognition, 87:B35-B45. (paper - pdf) (online nPVI calculator)

Chen, Y., Repp, B.H., & Patel, A.D. (2002). Spectral decomposition of variability in synchronization and continuation tapping: Comparisons between auditory and visual feedback conditions. Human Movement Science, 21:515-532. (paper - pdf)

Patel, A.D. & Balaban E. (2001) Human pitch perception is reflected in the timing of stimulus-related cortical activity. Nature Neuroscience, 4(8):839-844. (abstract) (paper - pdf) (suppelmentary information - pdf)

Patel, A.D. & Balaban, E. (2000).  Temporal patterns of human cortical activity reflect tone sequence structure. Nature,
404:80-84. (abstract) (paper - pdf) (news&views article - pdf) (supplementary information - pdf) (sound examples) (errata - pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2000). Tone sequence structure is reflected in dynamic neural responses.  In:  Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition. C. Woods, G. Luck, R. Brochard, F. Seddon, & J. A. Sloboda (Eds.)  Keele: Keele University Department of Psychology. [A less technical version of Patel & Balaban, 2000]. (abstract) (paper - pdf)

Patel, A.D., Lfqvist, A., and Naito, W. (1999). The acoustics and kinematics of regularly-timed speech: A database and method for the study of the P-center problem. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, San Francisco, 1999, Volume 1, pp.405-408. (abstract) (paper - pdf) (database)

Patel, A.D. (1998). Syntactic processing in language and music: Different cognitive operations, similar neural resources? Music Perception, 16(1): 27-42. (abstract) (paper - pdf)

Patel, A.D., Gibson, E., Ratner, J., Besson, M. & Holcomb, P.J. (1998). Processing syntactic relations in language and music: An event-related potential study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10(6): 717-733. (abstract) (paper - pdf)

Patel, A.D., Peretz, I., Tramo, M. & Labrecque, R. (1998). Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain and Language, 61: 123-144. (abstract) (paper - pdf) (errata - pdf)

Publications in previous field

Andersen, A. & Patel, A.D., (1994). Meat ants as dominant members of Australian ant communities: an experimental test of their influence on foraging success and foraging abundance. Oecologia, 98: 181-191.

Myers, C. & Patel, A.D. (1991). Saving Asia’s wildlife. World Monitor, 4(1): 50-55.

Patel, A.D. (1990). An unusually broad behavioral repertory for a major worker in a dimorhphic ant species: Pheidole morrisi. Psyche, 97(3-4): 181-191.

Patel, A.D. & Lin, Y.S. (1989). History of Wildlife Conservation in Taiwan. Council of Agriculture Forestry Series #20 (48 pp. book, published in English and Chinese).